Exploring the Impact of Young Girls' Menstrual Attitudes on Dysmenorrhea: A Cross-Sectional Study
Issue: 2023 - Volume 6 [Issue 1]
Çiğdem Gök *
Uşak Famıly Health Care Centre, Uşak, Turkey.
Faculty of Health Sciences, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Aim and Objectives: To determine the Effect of Menstrual Attitudes of Young Girls on Dysmenorrhea.
Study Design: The population of the study consisted of 3393 female students studying at a university in the Inner Aegean region of Turkey. The sample size was calculated as n=345 with the program Epi Info 2000, with a 95% confidence interval, a 5% margin of error, and a 50% unknown prevalence. The sample was determined using the stratified sampling method. Data which did not match the research criteria was left out of the study, and the analyses were conducted on 320 people. All necessary permissions were obtained in writing. In the collection of data, an Individual Description Form, the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (MDQ) and the Menstrual Attitude Questionnaire were used.
Place and Duration of Study: The data of the research was collected between 14 April and 1 June 2014 at a university in the Inner Aegean region of Turkey.
Methodology: The sample was determined using the stratified sampling method. Data which did not match the research criteria was left out of the study, and the analyses were conducted on 320 people. All necessary permissions were obtained in writing. In the collection of data, an Individual Description Form, the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (MDQ) and the Menstrual Attitude Questionnaire were used. In order to conduct statistical evaluation, t test in independent groups, One-way ANOVA test, the Mann-Whitney U test and the Kruskall Wallis test and correlation and multiple regression analysis were performed.
Results: It was determined that the mean age of the young women was 20.6±1.86, and 98.8% were single and 1.2% were married. It was determined that 6.6% of young women could not go to school regularly due to dysmenorrhea, and 48.6% could not go to school sometimes. It was determined that 45% of the young women used drugs for dysmenorrhea, 51.1% used traditional or complementary methods, and heat application was the most common. It was determined that young women were most affected by negative emotions during the menstrual period. There was a weak and positive correlation between the MDQ menstrual period mean scores of young women and the Menstrual Attitude Scale mean score (r=266, p<0.01).
Conclusion: It may be said that an 11% part of the dysmenorrhea problem is affected by menstrual attitude.
Keywords: Young women, dysmenorrheal, menstruation, menstrual attitude
How to Cite
Güvey H. Primary dysmenorrhea and treatment approaches in adolescents, gynecology. Obstetrics and Neonatology Medical Journal. 2019;16(3):160-166. Available:https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8603-6981
McKenna KA, Fogleman CD. Dysmenorrhea. American Family Physician. 2021;104(2):164–170.
Yılmaz B, Şahin N. Primary dysmenorrhea frequency and menstrual attitudes of a nursing faculty students. Mersin University Journal of Health Sciences; 2019. Available:https://doi.org/10.26559/mersinsbd.508609
Ferries-Rowe E, Corey E, Archer JS. Primary dysmenorrhea: Diagnosis and therapy. In Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2020;136(5). Available:https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000004096
Avcı DK, Sarı E. Approach to dysmenorrhea and effect of dysmenorrhea on social life and school performance in the university students. Van Medical Journal. 2018;25(2):188–193. Available:https://doi.org/10.5505/vtd.2018.65807
Öğer AU. Dysmenorrhea frequency and severity in reproductive women. İzmir Katip Çelebi University Faculty of Medicine; Department of Family Medicine. Master thesis; 2018.
Süt HK, Küçükkaya B, Arslan E. The use of complementary and alternative treatment methods in primary dysmenorrhea pain. Journal of Celal Bayar University Health Sciences Institute; 2019.
Sönmezer E, Yosmaoğlu H. B. Changes in attitudes towards menstruation and perception of stress in women with dysmenorrhea. Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation. 2015; 25(2).
Kumari P, Bhanage A, Shinde E. Menstrual irregularities among adolescence girls: Incidence and prevalence. International Journal of Nursing and Medical Investigation. 2020; 5(4):43-44.
Özel A, Ateş S, Şevket O, Özdemır M, Ilhan G, Davutoğlu E. A randomized controlled study of vitamin D in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. Duzce Medical Journal. 2019;21(1).
Sanctis VDe, Rigon F, Bernasconi S.et al. Age at menarche and menstrual abnormalities in adolescence: Does it matter? The evidence from a large survey among Italian secondary schoolgirls. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2019;86:34–41.
Temur M, Çift T, Balcı UG, et al. Gynecological effects of obesity in women's life, Med J SDU / SDU Medical Faculty Journal. 2017;24(4):153-158 DOI: 10.17343/sdutfd.302057
Sakar T, Özkan H, Saraç MN, Atabey, Nazbak M. Cultural behavior and practices of students in menstruation period. The Journal of Turkish Family Physician. 2015; 6(3):114-123.
Anikwe CC, Mamah JE, Okorochukwu BC, et al. Age at menarche, menstrual characteristics, and its associated morbidities among secondary school students in Abakaliki southeast Nigeria. Heliyon. 2020;6(5).e04018.
Demir FD, Çakın K, ÖC H. The effect of menstrual factors on sleep quality. Life Sciences (NWSALS). 2017;12(1):30-41.
Kamel DM, Tantawy SA. Experience of dysmenorrhea among a group of physical therapy students from Cairo University: An exploratory study. Journal of Pain Research. 2017;10:1079-1085.
Topan A, Ayyıldız TK, Kurt A, Seval M. Determination of menarche age of adolescent students and affecting factors. Journal of Higher Education and Science. 2021;11(3):480-485.
Türkmen H. Frequency of dysmenorrhea in university students and factors affecting dysmenorrhea. CBU-SBED. 2019;6(1):39-46.
Tanaka E, Momoeda M, Osuga Y, et al. Burden of menstrual symptoms in japanesse women an analysis of medical care-seeking behaviour from a surved based study. İnternational Journal of Women’s Health. 2014;(6):11-23.
Armour M, Parry K, Monohar N, Holmes K, et al. The prevalence and academic impact of dysmenorrhea in 21,573 young women: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Women's Health. 2019;28(8).
Alsaleem MA. Dysmenorrhea, associated symptoms and management among students at King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia: An exploratory study. J Family Med Prim Care. 2018;7(4):69–774.
Gebeyehu MB, Mekuria AB, Tefera YG, Andarge DA, Debay YB, Bejiga GS, Gebresillassie BM. Prevalence, impact and management practice of dysmenorrhea among university of gondar students, Northwestern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study. Hindawi International Journal of Reproductive Medicine. 2017;8. Article ID 3208276.
Ameade EPK, Amalba A, Muhammed BS. Prevalence of dysmenorrhea among university students in Northern Ghana; Its impact and management strategies, BMC Women's Health. 2018;18. Article number: 39.
Yılmaz B. The Effect of dysmenorrhea support program on symptom, knowledge level and menstrual attitudes in university students with primary dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation) problem. Istanbul University Institute of Health Sciences, Gynecology; Nursing Department. Unpublished Master Thesis; 2018. İstanbul.
Hailemeskel S, Demissie A, Assefa N. Primary dysmenorrhea magnitude, associated risk factors, and its effect on academic performance: Evidence from female university students in Ethiopia. Int J Womens Health. 2016;8:489–496.
Daşıkan Z, Taş GÇ, Sözen G. Perimenstrual complaints and affecting factors in women in Ödemiş region. J Turk Soc Obstet Gynecol. 2014;2:98-104.
Sarkar AP, Mandal, Ghorai S. Premenstrual syndrome among adolescent girl students in a rural school of West Bengal India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016;5(3).
Dönmez S, Gümüşsoy S. İnvestigation of premenstrual syndrome and affecting factors in nursing students. Kocaeli Med. 2019;8(2):38-45.
Özmermer T. Premenstrual syndrome frequency in university students in şanlıurfa, ways of coping and affecting factors. Harran University Institute of Health Sciences; Nursing Department, Unpublished Master Thesis; 2017. Şanlıurfa.
Padmanabhanunni A, Fennie T. The menstruation experience: Attitude dimensions among South African students. Journal of Psychology in Africa. 2017; 27(1).
Altıntaş RY, Bakır S, Gül İ, Süer N, Kavlak O. The effect of menstruation attitudes on genital hygiene behaviors in nursing students. TJFMPC. 2021;15(3). Available: www.tjfmpc.gen.tr
Su JJ, Lindell D. Promoting the menstrual health of adolescent girls in China. Nurs Health Sci. 2016;18:481.
Ssewanyana D, Bitanihirwe BKY. Menstrual hygiene management among adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa. Glob Health Promot. 2019;26(1)105–8. Epub 2017/05/10, Pmid: 28485220.