Asian Research Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 2021-01-19T11:41:01+00:00 Asian Research Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Research Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish&nbsp;high-quality&nbsp;papers (<a href="/index.php/ARJGO/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of&nbsp;‘Gynaecology and Obstetrics’. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> Giant Ovarian Mucinous Cystadenoma in An Adolescent Girl: A Case Report 2021-01-19T11:41:01+00:00 Banwari Lal Bairwa <p><strong>Aims: </strong>Ovarian tumours are commonly seen in middle aged women and rare in adolescents. Cystadenoma is an epithelial tumour and occurs in 3<sup>rd</sup> to 6<sup>th</sup> decade of life. They are recognized as precursors of ovarian cancer. Here we present a case of a giant ovarian mucinous cystadenoma in 16 year old girl.</p> <p><strong>Case Presentation:</strong> A 16 year old girl presented with vague abdominal pain and abdominal distension. CECT abdomen and pelvis revealed a huge ovarian solid cystic tumour. She underwent exploratory laparotomy with right adnexectomy for complete excision of tumour. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of mucinous cystadenoma of ovary. On follow up patient is doing well.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Early diagnosis and accurate treatment are essential as these tumours can grow to giant sizes and be potentially lethal if left untreated. Giant ovarian tumours particularly if symptomatic, should be considered for surgery.</p> 2021-01-19T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Study of Different Factors Associated with Completion of Continuum of Care for Maternal Health Services in Kaski District, Nepal 2020-12-10T06:00:55+00:00 Urmila Koirala Hari Prasad Kaphle Rajesh Kumar Yadav <p><strong>Background: </strong>The continuum of care for maternal, newborn, and child health usually refers to the continuity of care throughout the pregnancy, childbirth and post-delivery period. It is an essential strategy to prevent maternal and neonatal deaths. The objective of this study was to identify the status and factors associated with completion of the continuum of care for maternal health services.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 372 women who had a child within one year. The data were collected through a face-to-face interview using pretested and structured Questionnaire. Univariate, bivariate, and multiple logistic analysis were carried out being based on the objectives of the study.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The study found that about 75% of women completed the continuum of care for maternal health services. In multiple logistic regression analysis, women who had four or more antenatal visits (AOR: 18.00, 95% CI: 7.38-43.93) and advised for Postnatal care checkup (AOR=3.07, 95%CI: 1.49-6.32) were found statistically significant with the completion of continuum of care for maternal health services after adjustment of all variables.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>It is concluded that the majority of the participants had completion of the continuum of care for maternal health services. Increment in the antenatal care visits and seeking of advice regarding postnatal checkup during pregnancy have positive influence in increasing the continuum of care completion rate. This has also been considered helpful in the achievement of the targets of all three components of maternal health services.</p> 2020-12-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Association between Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Breast Cancer: A Review 2020-11-20T11:36:26+00:00 Kwan Jia Ni Daryl Tan Shuang Shuang Nisha Angela Dominic Valliammai Jayanthi Thirunavuk Arasoo <p><strong>Aims</strong>: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder seen in women of reproductive age. The hormonal profile and comorbidities seen in women with PCOS like obesity and diabetes are some of the main risk factors of breast cancer. The aim of this review is to investigate the plausible association between PCOS and breast cancer. This review focuses on the epidemiological evidence, association of PCOS-related symptoms and PCOS medications on the incidence of breast cancer.</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong>: A comprehensive literature search using Ovid MEDLINE, Google Scholar and PubMed was performed to identify epidemiologic studies that have been published in the last 10 years (from 2010 to 25th June 2020) that reported on the association between PCOS and breast cancer. The following keywords were used: polycystic ovary syndrome, breast cancer and breast neoplasms.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Most of the epidemiological studies did not observe significant association between PCOS and breast cancer. However, evidence shows that elevated androgen levels and estrogen levels are associated with increased risk of estrogen receptor positive breast cancer. In addition, this review found increased breast cancer risk in women with obesity, hyperinsulinemia and low level of sex hormone binding globulin. Unlike metformin and clomiphene citrate, combined hormonal contraceptive, being the first line treatment for PCOS is linked with higher breast cancer risk.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: Clinical findings from this review are inconsistent, hence a firm conclusion cannot be made regarding the association between PCOS and breast cancer, emphasizing the need for more prospective studies to be conducted in the future.</p> 2020-11-20T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##