Awareness and Perception of Assisted Reproductive Techniques among Women Attending Infertility Clinic in Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria

Main Article Content

A. G. Umar
S. Nasir
A. E. Ukwu
A. T. Burodo
J. A. Garba
E. I. Nwobodo


Background: Infertility is more prevalent in resource poor settings like ours’, owing to about 50% of couples being affected. Its impact has lead to social, psychological and economic challenges especially to the female partner who is always blamed. Assisted reproductive technique is the last resort for most couples with damaged tubes with significant results.

Aim and Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the level of awareness and perception of assisted reproductive technique among women.   

Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study that involved three hundred and fifty women attending infertility clinic at the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, They were recruited using convenience sampling method. Semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain relevant information. The data obtained was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS ) version 20.

Results: The age range of the participants was 14- 58 years. The mean age was 28.59 ±6.656 and the modal age group was 25-35 yeas (58.0%). Majority (53.14%) had secondary infertility and 43.8% were not aware of the cause for their infertility. Up to 65.71% were aware of assisted reproductive technique (ART). There was statistically significant association between educational status and awareness of ART (P- value < 0.001). More than half of the respondents (56.5%) believed that such babies were normal and natural.

Conclusion: The awareness of assisted reproductive technique is relatively high in our environment. Majority believed that ART babies are normal and natural.

Infertility, assisted reproductive technique, awareness, perception

Article Details

How to Cite
Umar, A. G., Nasir, S., Ukwu, A. E., Burodo, A. T., Garba, J. A., & Nwobodo, E. I. (2020). Awareness and Perception of Assisted Reproductive Techniques among Women Attending Infertility Clinic in Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria. Asian Research Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, 3(4), 26-31. Retrieved from
Original Research Article


World Health Organization (WHO). Mother or Nothing: The agony of infertility. WHO Bulletin. 2010;88(2):877-953.

Bello FA, Akinajo OR, Olayemi1 O. In-vitro fertilization, gamete donation and surrogacy: Perceptions of women attending an infertility clinic in Ibadan, Nigeria. Afr J Reprod Health. 2014; 18(2):127-133.

Abdallah SD, Zara M. Infertility and social suffering: The case of art in developing countries, current practices and controversies in assisted reproduction, report of a meeting on “Medical, Ethical and Social Aspects of Assisted Reproduction’’. Geneva; 2001.

Mascarenhas MN, Flaxman SR, Boerma T, Vanderpoel S, Stevens GA. National, regional, and global trends in infertility prevalence since 1990: A systematic analysis of 277 health surveys. PLoS Med. 2012;9(12):e1001356.

Parkinson J, Tran C, Tan T, Nelson J, Batzofin J, Serafini P. Perinatal outcome after in-vitro fertilization-surrogacy: Hum. Reprod. 1999;14(3):671-676.

Okwelogu IS, Azuike EC, Ikechebelu JI, Nnebue CKC. In-vitro fertilization practice: Awareness and perceptions amongwomen attending fertility clinics in Okija, Anambra state, Nigeria. Afrimedic Journal. 2012; 3(82).

Cooke ID. The globalisation of reproductive technology. In: Kruger TF, Van der Spuy Z, Kemper BD (eds). Advances in fertility studies and reproductive medicine. Cape Town, Juticalpa. 2007;234-240.

Adashi EY, Cohen J, Hamberger L, Jones HW, de Krester DM, Lunenfeld B, et al. Public perception on infertility and its treatment. Human reproduction. 2000; 15(2):330-34

Government of Canada. Assisted Human Reproduction Act, SC 2004, c.2. Assented to 29 March; 2004.
Available: acts/a-13.4/FullText.html
(Accessed 3 June; 2013)

Osian EA, Afenikhe O, Eweka A. Knowledge and perception of assisted reproductive technology among women attending the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin city, Nigeria, 2018. Nig J Nurs Midwifery Sci. 2019;6:125-30.

Omokanye LO, Olatinwo AO, Durowade KA, Titilayo S, Abayomi RS. Assisted reproductive technology: perception of infertile couple in Ilorin, Nigeria. Saudi J Health Sci. 2017;6:14-8.

Oche PM, Ango JT, Gana GJ, Oladigbolu RA, Okafoagu NC, Umar AS, et al. In vitro fertilization: Perceptions and misperceptions among women of reproductive age group in Sokoto, Nigeria. J Reprod Biol Health. 2018;6:1.

Zhang Y, Margolese S, Yudin MH, Raboud JM, Diong C, Hart TA, et al. Desires, need, perceptions, and knowledge of assisted reproductive technologies of HIV-Positive women of reproductive age in Ontario, Canada. Int Shcol Res Net Obstet Gynecol. 2012;11, Article ID 853503.
(Cited 2020 April 4)
(Accessed July 11, 2020)

Adebiyi GA, Ameh N, Avidime S, Muazu A. Awareness and perception of assisted reproductive technologies amongst women with infertility in northern Nigeria. Open J Obstet Gynaecol. 2011;1:144-8.

Iliyasu Z, Galadanci HS, Abubakar IS, Bashir FM, Salihu HM, Aliyu MH. Perception of infertility and acceptability of assisted reproductive technology in northern Nigeria. Niger J Med. 2013;22: 341-7.

Olugbenga BAAW, Babatunde OA, Oke OS. Prevalence of infertility and acceptability of assisted reproductive technology among women attending gynaecology clinics in tertiary institutions in south-western Nigeria. Gyn Obstet. 2014;4:1-7.