The Future Effects of Multiple Caesarean Section on Women in Ghana

Benjamin Arhin *

Livingstone International University for Tourism Excellence and Business Management (LIUTEBM), Lusaka, Zambia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), when vaginal births pose risks, emergency Caesarean section (CS) is a lifesaver and should be readily accessible in all healthcare settings.

However, there are still parts of the world where citizens do not have automatic access to a secure CS. A new study from the WHO indicates that caesarean sections are on the rise worldwide, accounting for more than one in five (21%) births. Immediate complications may include infection, haemorrhage, visceral injury, placenta accrete, and maternal abruption.  The primary objective of this study was to investigate the impact of multiple caesarean sections on Ghanaian mothers.

This study utilized previously gathered data regarding respiratory tract disorders in children under the age of five. This included previously published papers, dissertations, and internet resources such as websites and books. The systematic procedure describes this technique.

Multiple CSs are accompanied by complications. This includes harm to the bowels and bladder, in addition to significant bleeding. Other complications include uterine perforation, infection, haemorrhage, thrombosis, and organ damage.

This study suggests increasing public awareness of CS symptoms via mass media (radio, television, and social media) in order to garner family and community support for women experiencing CS.

Keywords: Caesarean section, women, Ghana

How to Cite

Arhin, B. (2023). The Future Effects of Multiple Caesarean Section on Women in Ghana. Asian Research Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, 6(1), 77–85. Retrieved from


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